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Best solutions to mitigate landscape environmental impacts

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Feasibility study on the best solutions to adopt in order to mitigate the landscape environmental impacts of large transport infrastructures

Implementing partner: Veneto Region

Geographical area: Veneto area, north-east of Italy within the Province of Venice and, in particular, the area potentially interested by the proposed new High Speed/High Capacity (HS/HC) railway  (Italy)

Aim of the Pilot Action
Realization of a technical, economic and financial feasibility study of the best solutions to mitigate the landscape-environmental impacts of large transport infrastructures.
This study transposes on the territory the decision making tool supporting public stakeholders in identifying process of the best/optimal mitigation, landscaping and environmental solutions developed within WP5 of the Project.
The above-mentioned study has been developed through a proper sensitivity analysis and takes into account any changes in the socio-economic context in which the infrastructure and associated environmental mitigation will be implemented.
In particular the study consists in the identification of a “Sample Area” potentially crossed by the infrastructure. Within this area, absolute and relative constraints were identified and carefully geo-referenced in order to underline more or less transformable areas.
The further elaboration of these areas led to the extrapolation of a core set of indicators to be tested in the model and consequently assessed on the basis of the previous decision-making tool results provided by WP5.

Achievements/Results
Taking into account that the decision making tool from the WP5 was based on the assumption according to which the infrastructure must be developed and must cross a given area, commensurate sensitivity analysis of the socio-economic-financial context, in which the infrastructure and associated environmental mitigation will be implemented, have been developed through the following steps:

  • collection and processing of the data related to the detailed characteristics of the area (starting from the spatial information to complete its characterization);
  • evaluation of the critical issues in the focused area overlaying the map of critical points identified by the previous WP5;
  • identification of a “mosaic” map of the best options for every solutions (Best Choices);
  • integration of the “Second Best Choice” in order to get a map of the territory showing the most feasible and suitable solutions;
  • identification of a global and organic solution with redistribution of the results on the basis of the detailed analysis (thus incorporating information about financial, economic and social feasibility).

Outputs
A publication summarizing the findings of the study and representing the mitigation landscape-environmental solutions to major transport infrastructures identified as more or less feasible, according to the different contexts, with a specific catalogue with schemes of intervention containing information about the financial and social-economic feasibility of the various solutions proposed.